Learn about the number 1 killer of women in Singapore
Learn about the number 1 killer of women in Singapore

what is heart disease?

Coronary heart disease is the most common form of cardiovascular diseases. Heart disease is mainly caused by atherosclerosis, which is the  buildup of plaque in the artery wall which restricts blood flow and may lead to a heart attack or stroke.

Other common contributing factors include diabetes, high blood cholesterol, high blood pressure, mental stress, and heavy smoking. 

Find out more about coronary heart disease and other common heart conditions here

13.5MILLION

died from Heart Disease & Stroke in 2018 worldwide  

By 2030, 23.3 million people will die from Cardiovascular Diseases, mainly from heart disease and stroke. These are projected to remain the single leading cause of death.

Menopause & heart disease

For women, symptoms of heart disease are more likely to occur after the beginning of menopause. Menopause is a natural process that occurs in women around the ages of 45 - 65 that results in lower amounts of the sex hormone estrogen produced in their bodies.

Estrogen protects women from heart disease by keeping the LDL (“bad” cholesterol)  levels low and the HDL (“good” cholesterol) levels high in our bodies. Reduced estrogen would also mean that the blood vessels are less flexible to aid blood flow.  

Menopause also results in other physical changes such as increased blood pressure, reduced metabolic rate and interrupted sleep which may increase the risk of heart disease.

Source: American Heart Association

other risk factors

MODIFIABLE 

Can be treated, changed or controlled

OBESITY

SMOKING

PHYSICAL 

INACTIVENESS

DIABETES

HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE

HIGH BLOOD CHOLESTEROL 

There are a variety of measures that can be adopted to prevent heart disease. Health screenings, weight management, healthy diets, quitting smoking and stress management are some of these measures.

Although a holistic approach is essential, research has shown that exercise is one of the best prevention measures for heart disease.

how to prevent

heart disease?

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